Clarification on the Article "DRC: A Fragile Community-Based Confederation Undermined by Kinshasa’s Concentration of Power"



I have received an interesting and constructive comment from one of the blog’s reader. The reader was referring to the article “DRC: A Fragile Community-Based Confederation Undermined by Kinshasa’s Concentration of Power(1)

I take the opportunity to thank the reader as he has been among interested readers commenting regularly on articles posted. Below are the comments and some clarification

Hi Delphin and thank you for sharing your article on the blog!

The subject is quite interesting,even though,in my view, you fall short of expectations!
Concepts such confederation, federalism and decentralization are brushed on the surface, without stating where u stand in defining the concepts!

Do you found similarity within the region (Great Lakes) for the DRCs communities grounded rebellions or is this description particular to the DRC?

It could have been interesting if a whole section was given too to analyze the conflict between competences and responsibility of provinces versus the central government!

When stating that the state fails to deliver due to its gripping on power concentration, I wonder why u choose to remain silent on other reasons as corruption, poor management, lack of democracy, etc

In my view, I sense where u lead us by claiming that services delivered through confederation are likely to be effective! There is need to elaborate more here and give reasons to why u came to such statements!

In a nutshell, the article, while well wished and interesting due to its relevance, fails to grasp and define concepts it is dealing with! Furthermore, it’s looks like a resume of a research where many parts have been dropped, thus making it difficult to reach the readers expectations!


  1. The article intends to describe the DRC as likely a confederation composed by communities, regionally or ethnically analyzed. Especially regions or administrative entities are roughly ethnically distributed. The key concept was to describe DRC country as a “ fragile Confederation” in which communities, especially ethnic groups constitute autonomous islands;

  2. Power concentration in Kinshasa’s hand complicating services delivery, worsens the fragility as it forces individuals to tie firmly on identities than belonging to the same nation.

  3. Federalism and decentralization will be discussed later on, see paragraphe 2.

  4. I guess, though not discussed, there might be a similarity of community grounded rebellions in the great lakes region. That is, the case may apply to other countries in the region;

  5. Next articles discussing federalism versus decentralization will focus on advising competences and responsibilities needed at provincial levels; why the blogger prefer federalism than decentralization for easing service delivery free of nepotism.

  6. Governance issues in DRC are as many as they can’t be discussed in one article, though they ‘re complementary in hindering service delivery and other state obligations. However, the article has slightly discussed in paragraph 9. The reader reminds again that the key point is “Confederation”;

  7. The article claims that federalism rather than confederalim can easily deliver the services, paragraph 12. Reasons of the claim will be discussed later on

The article underscores that community belonging is praiseworthy constituting “states”within the “Confederation”as community networks deliver more than the “State”. Therefore, individuals feel tied with their communities than the “DRC State”; unfortunately, we do misuse identities by conflicting each other.

Again thanks for the comments and hope the clarification can shade light on what the article intends for.


Ntanyoma R. Delphin

Twitter account @delphino12





About admin 403 Articles
PhD fellow @ErasmusUnivRotterdam/ISS: Microeconomic Analysis of Conflict. Congolese, blogger advocating 4r Equitable Redistribution of Ressources & national wealth as well as & #Justice4All #DRC In the top of that, proud of being "villageois"

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